Rabu, 10 Februari 2016

Pelaut Online -Beberapa waktu yang lalu ada beberapa artikel tentang keselamatan kerja diatas kapal yang telah kami posting semoga bisa berguna dan ada manfaat untuk kita dan bisa menambah ilmu pengetahuan dibidang maritim kepelabuhaan yang kesemua sangat penting untuk dipelajari dan juga bisa diingat agar suatu saat bisa dipergunakan kepada anak cucu kita.

Sebagai pelaut ada baiknya kita mengetahui istilah dunia maritim internasional, karena semua menyangkut pekerjaan, yang tentu istilah itu terkadang ada yang mirip namun pengertianya dan tujuanya berbeda jauh, Biasanya beberapa istilah kata ada yang hanya disingkat pendek agar lebih mudah diingat

Daftar Singkatan Istilah Kata Dunia Pelayaran

Berikut adalah Daftar kumpulan Singkatan Istilah-Istilah Kata Dalam Dunia Kemaritim Khusus Pelayaran
  • DOC:Document of Compliance issued to the ship operator under the ISM Code
  • DP:Dynamic Positioning: the ability of a ship to maintain automatically a pre-set position and heading by using her own propellers and thrusters
  • DPO:Dynamic Positioning Operator, usually a bridge watchkeeper
  • DSC:Digital Selective Calling: a technique using digital codes which enable a radio station to establish contact with, and transfer information to, another station or group of stations
  • EBL:Electronic Bearing Line: a radar feature
  • AIS:Automatic Identification System
  • AMVER:Automated Mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue System: a worldwide voluntary system operated exclusively to support SAR and to make information available to all RCCs
  • ARCS:Admiralty Raster Chart Service: electronic raster charts produced by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office
  • ARPA:Automatic Radar Plotting Aid
  • ASF;Additional Secondary Factor: corrections to be applied when plotting Loran C positions on charts to take into account variations in the conductivity of the earth’s surface over which the signals pass
  • ATA:Automatic Tracking Aid: electronic plotting device or radars
  • CES:Coast Earth Station: maritime name for an INMARSAT shore-based station linking ship earth tations with terrestrial communication networks
  • COLREGS:Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, as amended
  • COSPAS-SARSAT:A satellite system designed to detect distress beacons transmitting on the frequency 406 MHz
  • DATUM:A datum is a reference system for specifying positions on the earth’s surface. Each datum is associated with a particular reference spheroid that can be different in size, orientation and relative position from the spheroids associated with other horizontal datums. Positions referred to different datums can differ by several hundred metres
  • DGPS:Differential Global Positioning System (see GNSS)
  • ECDIS:Electronic Chart Display and Information System
  • ECS:Electronic Chart System
  • EGC:Enhanced Group Call: part of the INMARSAT system that complements the NAVTEX system to supply SafetyNET and similar information broadcast services
  • ENC:Electronic Navigational Chart
  • EP:Estimated Position
  • EPA:Electronic Plotting Aid: electronic plotting device for radars
  • EPIRB:Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon: a device that transmits distress alerting signals usually via satellites
  • FPSO/FGSO:Floating Production, Storage and Offloading/Floating Gas Storage Offloading ship/vessel or unit: an oil/gas production facility
  • GLONASS:Global Navigation Satellite System (see GNSS)
  • GMDSS:Global Maritime Distress and Safety System: a global communications service based upon automated systems, both satellite and terrestrial, to provide distress alerting and promulgation of maritime safety information for mariners
  • GNSS:Global Navigation Satellite System: a worldwide position and time determination system that includes one or more satellite constellations and receivers
  • GOC:General Operator’s Certificate: a GMDSS radio operator’s certificate for use on ships trading beyond GMDSS Sea Area A1. This is now usually incorporated into the STCW qualifications of deck officers at the operational level.
  • GPS:Global Positioning System (see GNSS)
  • HF:High Frequency
  • HPR:Hydroacoustic Position Reference: a PRS often used in conjunction with DP, configured with sea-floor acoustic transponders
  • IAMSAR:International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual: published in three volumes jointly by ICAO and IMO
  • IBS:Integrated Bridge System
  • ICAO:International Civil Aviation Organization: Montreal based United Nations intergovernmental body
  • IHO:International Hydrographic Organization: Monaco based intergovernmental body
  • ILO:International Labour Organization: Geneva based United Nations intergovernmental body, responsible for seafarers’ employment standards
  • IMO:International Maritime Organization: London based United Nations intergovernmental body, responsible for the safety of life at sea, including navigational rules, and the protection of the marine environment
  • NAVTEX:Telegraphy system for broadcasting marine weather forecasts, navigational warnings, SAR alerts and other warnings and urgent information to ships in coastal waters (up to 400 nautical miles) under the WWNWS
  • NBDP:Narrow-Band Direct Printing telegraphy used for radiotelex and NAVTEX
  • NOAA:National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: United States producer of electronic raster charts
  • OOW:Officer of the Watch
  • PRS:Position Reference System: a navigational sensor (e.g. DGPS) used in conjunction with a DP system
  • RCC:Rescue Co-ordination Centre: a unit responsible for promoting the efficient organisation of SAR services and for co-ordinating the conduct of SAR operations within a SAR region
  • RCDS:Raster Chart Display System
  • RENC:Regional Electronic Navigational Chart Co-ordinating Centre: supplier of official chart data
  • RNC:Raster Navigational Chart
  • ROC:Restricted Operator’s Certificate: a GMDSS radio operator’s certificate for use on ships trading only in GMDSS Sea Area A1 R/T Radio Telephony S-57 Edition 3 IHO’s latest transfer standard for digital hydrographic data for use with ECDIS
  • SafetyNET:INMARSAT service for promulgating MSI to ships on the high seas; it includes shore-to-ship relays of distress alerts and communications for SAR co-ordination
  • SAR:Search and Rescue/International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue, 1979, as amended
  • SART:Search and Rescue Transponder: a portable radar transponder for use in survival craft, which transmits homing signals in the 9 GHz band
  • SENC:System Electronic Navigational Chart: a database that comprises ENC data, ENC updates and other data added by the mariner that is accessed by, and displayed on, the ECDIS
  • SES:Ship Earth Station: shipborne satellite communication station, used for exchanging messages with shore subscribers and ships
  • SMCP:Standard Marine Communication Phrases: an updated version of SMNV that includes phrases that have been developed to cover the most important safety-related fields of verbal communications
  • SMNV:Standard Marine Navigational Vocabulary: adopted by IMO for communications on board ship as well as for those between ship and shore
  • SMPEP:Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan
  • SMS:Safety Management System under the ISM Code
  • SOLAS:International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended
  • SOPEP:Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan
  • STCW:International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended STCW Code Seafarers’ Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Code, appended to the STCW Convention
  • S-VDR:Simplified Voyage Data Recorder
  • TMC:Transmitting Magnetic Compass
  • UMS:Unmanned Machinery Space
  • WEND:World Electronic Navigational Chart Database
  • WGS84:World Geodetic System 1984 datum
  • WMO:World Meteorological Organization: Geneva based United Nations intergovernmental body
  • WWNWS:World-Wide Navigational Warning Service: established by IMO in collaboration with IHO for the dissemination of navigational warnings to ships
  • WWRNS:World-Wide Radio Navigation System: terrestrial and satellite radio-navigation systems that have been accepted by IMO as capable of providing adequate position information to an unlimited number of ships
  • XTE:Cross Track Error
  • VDR:Voyage Data Recorder
  • VRM:Variable Range Marker: a radar feature
  • VTS:Vessel Traffic Services
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  • Title : Daftar Singkatan Istilah Kata Dunia Pelayaran
    Posted by : Risky Adiru Rating 5 Star Published : 2016-02-10T05:45:00+07:00
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